Church History: 17th century
We know from a record of 1620, that there were late medieval and early Tudor stained glass windows in Giggleswick Church, but that there were just plain glass windows in the church after the Restoration of 1660. There is a strong tradition backed by evidence provided by the restoration of 1890-2, that Cromwell’s soldiers under Major General John Lambert camped and lit their fires in a bleak and bare Giggleswick Church. See the article on Thomas Brayshaw. Nationally, a new Presbyterian form of government, a new Directory of worship, a new catechism and confession of faith were introduced. The use of the term “minister” instead of “priest” for an incumbent was obligatory. I notice that in Thomas Brayshaw’s Red Book until at least the 1930s, only the term “minister” is used for a vicar of Giggleswick, never “priest”.
Oliver Cromwell died in 1658. Although he certainly left his mark on the religious life and practices of the national church, Anglicans had not taken to his Presbyterian form of church government .The date 1660 saw not only the restoration of the monarchy under Charles II, but the restoration of the Church of England, followed in 1662 by the revision of the Book of Common Prayer, a revision which is still in use today. The Restoration brought its own problems for the pro-Presbyterian clergy who could not accept a return to Anglican beliefs, worship practices and government. Incumbents who could not conform to the new Act of Uniformity, were evicted from their livings. There was a problem with Anthony Lister, vicar of Giggleswick. He seems to have been vicar for 2 separate terms, with a gap in between. One began just before the Commonwealth period in 1638 and the other, from 1684-6.